How many calories do you think you’re eating?

lose weight by eating the lower calorie version of this meal

One of the hidden causes of obesity may be that people underestimate the number of calories they consume.

The UK’s Office of National Statistics have just released new research which shows that Britons underestimate the amount of calories they eat by up to 50%.

According to the research:

Men consumed 3,119 calories a day despite claiming that they had only 2,065. The recommended intake for men is 2,500 a day. Women claimed that they consumed an average of 1,570 calories a day – nearly 500 calories less than the recommended intake of 2,000 – but the real figure was in fact 2,393.

And they noted that the more food people ate, the more they underestimated how many calories they’d eaten.

From my own experience of doing the 3 week diet, I know just how difficult it is to estimate calorie intake. In phase 3 which is a calorie restricted few days, I guessed how many calories I was eating. However, when I actually worked out the calorie count afterwards, I discovered that I’d underestimated by about 400 calories per day. Easily enough to sabotage my weight loss.

It’s not just me who’s notices how difficult it is to guess the calories.  Australian dietitian Paula Norris has revealed how a seemingly insignificant increase in portion size can make a huge difference to the calorie count of almost identical looking meals.

She has posted photos of almost identical meals on Instagram and points out how tiny tweaks to the meal  can boost the calorie count enormously.

Don't wreck your weight loss by underestimating calories

These photos show two plates of steak with rice noodles and a salad of lettuce, cherry tomatoes, avocado and red onion with a soy, lime and sesame oil dressing. They look almost identical.

However, the  left bowl contains  180g untrimmed steak cooked in 1 teaspoon of oil,  a handful of lettuce, 4 red onion rings, 50g avocado, 1 cup of cooked rice noodles, 30g cucumber, 2 cherry tomatoes, 2 tsp sesame oil, 2 tsp lime juice, 1 tsp soy sauce.

The right bowl contains: 100g steak which has had the fat trimmed off and has been grilled instead of fried. It has the same amount of lettuce, red onion and lime juice. Hoever, there’s half the avocado and rice noodles, 50g Cucumber, double the cherry Tomatoes, 1/2 a medium carrot and half the sesame oil

So the meal on the left has almost double the calories due to the extra slice of avocado, the extra teaspoon of sesame oil, and the bigger untrimmed steak that’s been fried in oil and the additional rice noodles which on the right have been replaced with extra vegetables.

What’s also slightly concerning is how adding a couple of supposedly “healthy” extra ingredients can double the calorie count of the meal.

Amanda Meixner a food blogger from Ohio was inspired by Paula and has continued the theme, posting a series of images showing the calorie difference between two seemingly identical plates of food.

this healthy black bean salad has 2 calorie versions

The salad on the left has a greater proportion of vegetables to black beans.  The plate on the right has close to double the  calories due to triple the hummus, a little extra chicken, an extra tablespoon of olive oil in the dressing and and substitution of a pepper for 1/4 of a very healthy but calorific avocado.

If you fancy a snack, the bowl on the left would be the one to choose…

snacking on yogurt might seem like a diet friendly idea, but beware

This snack of yoghurt, dark chocolate, cashew nut butter and berries doubles in calories when you add an extra 40g of chocolate and 2 more tablespoons of nut butter.

Back to Paula for this next double calorie example:

pasta can be OK on a diet, but watch the portion size

An extra cup of pasta is a big factor in adding more than 400 extra calories.

Left: 200g chicken fried in 2 teaspoons of extra virgin olive oil, 30g of semi-trimmed bacon, 2 cups of cooked pasta, 30g of full fat cheddar, 2 large florets of broccoli and 1 medium mushroom.

Right: 100g chicken which has been poached instead of fried, 1 cup of cooked pasta, 1 teaspoon of capers, 10g of low fat cheddar, 1/4 of a large pepper, 4 large florets broccoli and 2 medium mushrooms.

Amanda uses tricks like replacing sweet potatoes or past with noodles made from vegetables.  in this example changing from sweet potato noodles to zucchini noodles and removing the olives has cut the calories by 80%.

cut out the fatty additions like olives for a slimming friendly meal

Left: One spiralized zucchini, one cup cherry tomatoes, one cup broccoli, one cup tomato sauce, 100g salmon.

Right: 1.5 spiralized sweet potatoes, nine olives, 1/2 cup cherry tomatoes 1 cup broccoli 1 cup tomato sauce 150g salmon.

So making wise substitutions,  adding more vegetables instead of some of the higher calorie elements of a plate will give you meals which look very similar but can come in at half the calories. This can be a huge step forward to making your weight loss dreams a reality.

 

 

How many calories do you think you’re eating? is available on www.weightodiet.com

Boost your Immune System with Plant-Based Foods

I’m a carnivore. My grandfather was a butcher and having been brought up on red meat, chicken and hardly any fish, vegetarianism is something that has never really been part of my life. It’s not that I don’t eat meatless meals – and I enjoy them. It’s just that the pressure of having to cook interesting and tasty vegetarian food for for my friends is really stressful.

However many people enjoy a plant based diet and there is a lot to be said for the extra vitamins and minerals which a varied vegetarian diet can provide. Continue reading “Boost your Immune System with Plant-Based Foods” »

Boost your Immune System with Plant-Based Foods is courtesy of the Weigh To Diet Website

How To Add High Protein Vegetarian Food to Your Diet

Whether you’re already vegetarian or simply trying to add more plant based foods into your diet, one of the main challenges can be to find good vegetarian sources of protein.

This problem is even more difficult if you are trying to lose weight. A high carb diet is much easier on a vegetarian diet, but trying to swap to a regime where you are eating protein at every meal makes meal planning much more difficult.

Nutritionist Jessica Cording writing in mindbodygreen has observed the problem in her own clients:

https://www.mindbodygreen.com/articles/best-vegetarian-protein-sourcesSometimes it can be a challenge to work protein in consistently throughout the day. I find that many of my clients who complain of feeling hungry are falling a little short of their goal or having most of their protein at one meal rather than spreading it out throughout the day. This also comes up when someone is transitioning to a plant-based diet that involves less of the animal proteins they’re used to. read more at mindbodygreen.com

 

Most people know that eggs are a great source of protein.  Cheese also contains a significant amounts of high quality proteins.  Cottage cheese is particularly good if you’re following a weight loss diet.  If you find the texture of cottage cheese unpalatable, then ricotta is a great, and very versatile, alternative.

Strained yogurts (for example Greek yogurt) are also excellent and little known sources of high quality protein. The fact that they are strained almost doubles their protein content. Not only is greek yogurt a great substitute for sour cream in dips and baked potato toppings, but live yogurt also helps to improve the levels of good bacteria in your gut.  This has a multitude of health benefits which includes weight loss and a reduction in insulin resistance.

Some other great sources of protein which you could add to your diet are seeds, particularly flax seeds which are also great brain food as they contain Omega 3 fatty acids.  Nutritional yeast is another additive which can be sprinkled over food to add a savoury umami note to foods.

So it’s not just beans and lentils which add the protein to a vegetarian diet.  Just make sure to include as wide a variety of foods as possible for optimum health.

www.weightodiet.com brings you the latest dieting research and thinking to help you on your weight loss journey. We sort the fact from the fiction and find the top weight loss programs to help you achieve the body you want.

Image from mindbodygreen.com

The following article How To Add High Protein Vegetarian Food to Your Diet Find more on: http://www.weightodiet.com/

Diet Isn’t Just About Weight Management: Foods that can help and harm your brain

Needing to lose weight should not be the only reason to watch our diets. Dr Alessandro R Demaio points out that our weight or body mass index is not necessarily related to good health. Even if we’re slim we should still make a point of eating healthy foods.  He says:

The most compelling reason to eat healthy foods is the correlation between good nutrition and well-being. Coupled with regular exercise, eating a diet rich in whole foods and grains, healthy oils and low in sugar and salt, has been shown to convey a number of benefits. These include a longer life with less pain and suffering, less risk of back pain or muscular problems and even an increased libido… read more at theconversation.come

As important as our physical wellbeing is the effect of what we eat on on our brain.

Neuro-scientist Lisa Mosconi works at the Alzheimer’s Prevention Clinic at Weill Cornell Medical College, New York,  in this article she explains the importance feeding our brains:

Back when I started, most of my time was spent with medical journals. But 15 years into my research, much of my time is spent with cookbooks.

These books are essential to contemporary brain science. The recipes become food, and that food shapes our brains just as surely as it builds our bodies.

Our brain cells are irreplaceable. Unlike the rest of the body, where cells are continuously replaced, the vast majority of brain cells stay with us for our entire lives – which means they are in need of extra care and nourishment.

Lisa explains that MRI scans have helped them to understand how eating different foods affects our brains.  Some foods serve to protect the brain and shielding it from harm. However, some foods have a negative effect on our brain functions and eating these foods increases the risk of cognitive decline.

Lisa says:

While the blueprints for an individual brain do depend in part on DNA, recent discoveries have led neuroscientists to understand that genes load the gun, but lifestyle pulls the trigger. In fact, there is consensus among scientists that at least one third of all Alzheimer’s cases could be prevented by improving our lifestyle, from ameliorating cardiovascular fitness, to keeping our brains intellectually stimulated and, of course, eating better.

So what foods nourish our brains?

theguardian.comThere is only  kind of fat the  brain needs, these are called polyunsaturated long-chain fatty acids (Omega 3s).  These are mainly found in oily fish such as salmon, sardines, mackerel and anchovies.  If you don’t enjoy eating fish, then flax seeds and chia seeds are another source of these vital nutrients,

Our brains get all their energy from glucose. Foods that are rich in glucose yet contain enough fibre to keep our blood-sugar levels under control include whole grains, kiwi fruit, beetroot,  sweet potatoes and onions.

zmescience.com

Our brains need vitamins and minerals which have antioxidant effects such as vitamin A, vitamin C, vitamin E and selenium – but also iron, copper and zinc. Fruit and vegetables – especially leafy greens are the best natural source of these.

Martha Clare Morris is the author of a long term study which investigated the relationship between cognitive decline and diets. She observed:

Healthy seniors who had daily helpings of leafy green vegetables — such as spinach, kale and collard greens — had a slower rate of cognitive decline, compared to those who tended to eat little or no greens.

“So, when you eat leafy greens, you’re eating a lot of different nutrients, and together they can have a powerful impact,” says Morris.

Read the full article: Diet Rich In Greens Linked To Less Age-Related Memory Loss

So the best way to get a full range of the required micro and phyto-nutrients for brain health is to try to eat as many different types of fruit and veg as possible and include a high proportion of leafy greens.

The other superfood for the brain is extra-virgin olive oil. This is loaded with anti-ageing nutrients such as omega-3 fatty acids and vitamin E.

Vitamin E is particularly important to protect ourselves against dementia. Large studies in the US and Europe have found that elderly people who consumed more than 16mg a day of vitamin E had a 67% lower risk of developing dementia compared with those who consumed little to none. Dementia risk was further reduced by taking vitamin E in combination with vitamin C. Both these vitamins protect brain cells from the harmful effects of toxins and free radicals, while vitamin E has the added benefit of increasing oxygen delivery to the brain.

Foods to avoid

The categories of foods which are detrimental to our brains is very short.  It basically includes fried, fatty foods and processed foods – especially meats like salamis and bacon and high fat dairy or dairy replacements. Foods which contain trans-fats or high levels of refined sugars should also be avoided where possible.

The more of these processed foods you consume on a regular basis, the higher your risk of cognitive decline and dementia.

The best advice is to restrict the brain draining processed foods to infrequent occasions. Eat as much food which has been prepared from fresh ingredients as possible. Eat a rainbow of colours and where 5 a day is good, 8 a day is even better.

 

Images from theguardian.com, theconversation.com, zmescience.com

The post Diet Isn’t Just About Weight Management: Foods that can help and harm your brain was originally published on Weigh To Diet

How To Survive the Party Season Without Piling on Pounds

christmas-parties-without-reversing-weight-loss-1024x683

‘Tis the season to be jolly! Sometimes the holiday season seems like an endless round of Christmas lunches, parties, and drinks and nibbles with friends. This can spell disaster for our waistlines and by the time New Year rolls around we’re feeling like the only solution is to go on a diet. So here are some tips to help you avoid ending the holiday season with a belly as tubby as Santa’s.

Obviously some events are so enjoyable, and no-one in their right mind would turn down the food. So realise that on some days any sort of eating plan is going by the board. With only a couple of weeks of November left, my 3 week diet is in full swing.  However, once we get to the  party season. I’m just going to sit back, put any thoughts of guilt aside and make the most of the occasion. Watching the diet will be done on other days.

Is it tasty enough to be worth the calories?

For all the memorable occasions there are also plenty where the food is a to put it politely, bit ordinary. Last year, Karen went out for her office Christmas lunch, and told me the food was terrible. The parsnips had some weird coating and weren’t properly cooked, the turkey was bone dry and the Christmas pudding had been reheated to barely lukewarm.

On those occasions, when the food isn’t good. Either pick the healthy option or just don’t eat it. Of course, be polite if required and pick at it if necessary, but don’t wolf it down. Don’t waste the calories on something which you are not enjoying. Have something tasty and healthy when you get home.

Drink wine, festive fizz or low calorie soft drinks.

Drinks are another area where it can be easy to make healthy choices. The problem with drinks isn’t the alcohol itself, it’s the sugary mixers or beer, which cause your body to pile on the pounds. Drink wine, enjoy a glass of fizz, or choose spirits with low calorie mixers, skip the egg nog and the sweet fruity  punches.

The other problem with alcohol is harder to solve. After a few drinks not only do most men look more attractive, but so do the high calorie snacks! To help combat this drink water in between the alcoholic drinks to dilute the effect of the alcohol, and help you feel much better the morning after.

Unless I’m hosting a party, I keep snacks and crisps out of the house and stock up on healthy nibbles. Then I don’t worry about grazing when I’m out at an event.

Make socializing your priority, not eating.

That said, try to limit your choice from a buffet to the things you’ll enjoy the most. Don’t try everything on the table as sampling too many different flavors can fool your brain into thinking you want to eat more.

Mingle and chat at parties, use the opportunity to catch up with family and friends. It’s hard to eat at the same time as talking, so make socializing, not eating your priority.

Healthier options can also be festive treats

If you are hosting a party remember that your guests are probably having the same weight issues and will thank you if you can offer some tasty yet healthy alternatives to the usual party fare.

Eat healthily in-between events. As the Venus Factor manual says: “Win the week, not the day”. Preparation, a meal plan and a shopping list can really help make sure you have quick cook food in and don’t need to grab junk food as you rush between work, shopping and the inevitable Christmas preparations.

Watch your portion sizes, it’s OK to have a slice of grandma’s boozy Christmas cake, but make it a slightly smaller slice.

Tightness round the tummy is a big fat deterrent to overeating

This next tip I picked up from a BBC newsreader. She said, never wear lose clothing or elasticated waist trousers, nor buy a bigger size of jeans. Snug fitting jeans will let you know when you’re eating too much and the discomfort as they get too tight will help you stop eating before you pile on the pounds.

And above all, try and get enough sleep. Getting enough sleep helps to regulate hormones that keep hunger and appetite at bay. The season is tiring enough without being sleep deprived and extra hungry as well.

This article How To Survive the Party Season Without Piling on Pounds first appeared on on https://weightodiet.com

What Is The Best Sweetener For Weight Loss?

there are healthier alternatives to sugar
I have a sweet tooth and reducing  the amount of sugar I consume has been difficult. There are however, many alternative sweeteners to sugar available, but it’s not always easy to decide out which sugar replacement to use to help you lose weight.

What should we look for in a healthy sweetener?

Blood sugar levels are one of the critical factor in maintaining a healthy weight. Many diet books advocate the use of honey as a replacement for sugar, and it’s true that honey is better for you than refined white sugar, eating it still has a significant effect on blood sugar levels, as this tweet from nutritionist JJ Smith shows.

This list gives a tiny flavor of the dozens of sugar replacements, ranging from the chemically produced aspartame type right through to the sugar alcohols like Erythritol and which occur naturally in the body.

This excellent video from Alyssia Sheikh explains the different qualities of each group of sugar replacements and covers the pros and cons for each of the different types.

As Alyssia points out, moderation is the key, so if you are eating light lunches to help you lose weight and you finish off with a cup of coffee, there may be nothing to stop you having a spoonful of regular sugar.  But if you have 10 cups of coffee a day, or you’re on a diet, it might be sensible to find a substitute you are happy with.

My personal top 2 sugar replacements are both natural products:

Stevia

Stevia is extracted from a the Stevia plant which native to Brazil and Paraguay. The people there have used the leaves as a sweetening agent for centuries. Not only that but they have also used it has a herbal medicine to treat problems which we think of as relating to obesity, such as diabetes, high blood pressure and heartburn. It is naturally much sweeter than sugar so I only need to use a very small amount. however, I do find it has a slight aftertaste. This is the sweetener I carry in my handbag.

Xylitol

This is my personal favourite. It was originally recommended by my nutritionist friend Karine.  I’ve tried a number of other sweeteners and of all of them this is the one which leaves no aftertaste. Karine says she uses it to sweeten her children’s food, not because they need to lose weight, but because unlike sugar it helps to prevent tooth decay.

Xylitol is a sugar alcohol which occurs naturally in plants. Sugar alcohols are nothing to do with alcohol you might drink, it’s merely a classification to describe the molecular structure.

It is actually a type of carbohydrate, but it’s one which doesn’t have the adverse effects of regular sugars. When we eat it, it’s only partially metabolised by the body and with it’s low glycemic index of 7, it doesn’t cause a blood sugar spike which can lead to fat storage.

Interestingly, humans also make a small amount of xylitol naturally while metabolizing carbohydrates, so we shouldn’t have be a problem eating it as we already process it in our bodies.

The downside is that it’s not cheap, however it is relatively easy to find in the supermarket (in the UK the brand name to look for is Total Sweet) so I don’t have to order it from a health food shop. It comes in granular form so I add it to coffee in exactly the same way as I do sugar. However, if I bake with it, I have to cut down the amount I use as a 1:1 substitution by weight gives a much too sweet end result.  I usually start with using half as much Xylitol as sugar and adjust to taste from there.

 

 

The following article What Is The Best Sweetener For Weight Loss? was first published to
Weigh To Diet Blog

How to lose weight with PCOS

One in every 10 women worldwide suffers from PCOS. Polycystic Ovary Syndrome is not only the leading cause of fertility problems, but this hormonal condition can also makes losing weight extremely difficult.

What Are The Symptoms of PCOS?

pcos-makes-losing-weight-difficult

If you’re in the 10% of women who suffer from PCOS, it can be very hard to lose weight.

If you are struggling with your weight and wondering if PCOS is contributing to your problems, some of the more noticeable symptoms of PCOS include weight gain and difficulty in losing weight, irregular periods, acne and excess body hair. Your doctor will be able to do the relevant tests and give a definitive PCOS diagnosis.

The reason that PCOS and weight problems are inextricably linked is all to do with your body’s reaction to the insulin hormone. Women with polycystic ovary syndrome also have insulin resistance. A bit like the chicken and the egg, experts are divided as to whether Insulin resistance causes PCOS or PCOS causes insulin resistance, but the two problems go together. Continue reading